Culture, education, geography... Quick facts about Ecuador:
  1. Name: República del Ecuador
  2. Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
  3. President: Rafael Correa Delgado
  4. Vice President: Jorge Glas
  5. Capital: Quito
  6. Monetary unit: U.S. dollar
  7. Languages: Spanish (Castillian) 93% (official), Quechua 4.1%, other indigenous 0.7%, foreign 2.2%
  8. Life expectancy: 76.36 years
  9. Cost of living: low
  10. Climate: tropical along the coast, becoming cooler inland and at higher elevations
  11. Population (2014 est.): 15,654,411
  12. Literacy Percent: 93
  13. Hazards: earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity, floods and periodic droughts
  14. Location: on the west coast of the South American continent
  15. Largest cities: Guayaquil, 2.287 million (2011)
  16. Ethnicity/race: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 71.9%, Montubio 7.4%, Afroecuadorian 7.2%, Amerindian 7%, white 6.1%, other 0.4%
  17. National Holiday: Independence Day, August 10
  18. Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%
  19. Demonym: Ecuadorian
  20. Water: 5%
  21. Pupulation Density: 58.95/km2 - 152.69/sq mi
  22. Ini coefficient: 46,6 (high)
  23. Human Development Index: 0.711 (high)
  24. Time zone: ECT / GALT (UTC−5 / −6)
  25. Drives on the: right
  26. Calling code: +593
  27. ISO 3166 code: EC
  28. Internet TLD: .ec
  29. Military Strength: Rank 79
  30. Oil Production: 485,800 bbl/day
  31. Oil Consumption: 280,000 bbl/day
  32. Proven Oil Reserves: 8,240,000,000 bbl/day
  33. Labor Force: 6,953,000
  34. Defense Budget: $2,400,000,000
  35. External Debt: $19,910,000,000
  36. Reserves of Foreign Exchange and Gold: $2,625,000,000
  37. Coastline: 2,237 km
  38. Shared Border: 2,237 km
  39. Most popular sport: Soccer
  40. Exports: Petroleum, bananas, shrimp, coffee, cacao
  41. Growth rate: 1.37%
  42. Birth rate: 18.87/1000
  43. Infant mortality rate: 17.93/1000
  44. Land area: 106,888 sq mi (276,840 sq km); total area: 109, 483 sq mi (283,560 sq km)
  45. GDP per Capita: U.S. $3,200
  46. Retirees top destinations: Cuenca, Quito, Guayaquil
  47. According to "International Living" its one of the best places for retirees to live